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Crab season to be cut short in California to protect whales and turtles

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored A settlement between the Center for Biological Diversity and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife will close California’s Dungeness crab fishery three months early in 2019 to reduce the chances that whales and other sea life will become entangled in fishing gear.The crabbing season in 2020 and 2021 will also be shuttered early in places where high concentrations of whales come to feed in the spring, such as Monterey Bay.Conservationists applauded the changes, saying that they will save animals’ lives.The Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations was also involved in hammering out the settlement, and its representative said that the new rules, while “challenging,” would help the industry move toward a “resilient, prosperous, and protective fishery.” Whales and sea turtles off the coast of California will have less time to contend with possible entanglements in crab fishing gear in 2019, after a one-and-a-half-year lawsuit settlement shortened the Dungeness crab season by three months in late March.The Tucson, Arizona-based Center for Biological Diversity sued the California Department of Fish and Game in 2017. The center argued that the agency’s authorization of the commercial fishery for Dungeness crab wasn’t in line with the United States’ Endangered Species Act because the equipment used in the fishery had led to a rise in the “illegal take” of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae), blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) and leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea). Humpbacks are considered endangered under the federal law in parts of their range; blue whales and leatherbacks are listed as endangered throughout their entire ranges.A blue whale mother and calf. Image by Andreas Tille via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0).Twenty-two whales became entangled in crabbing gear in 2016 off the West Coast of the U.S., compared with 11 in 2015, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.The Center for Biological Diversity negotiated the settlement with the state’s wildlife department, as well as the Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations, which intervened in the lawsuit.“This is great news for whales and sea turtles fighting extinction off California’s coast,” Kristen Monsell, a Center for Biological Diversity attorney, said in a statement. “The settlement will reduce serious threats from crab gear to these beautiful and highly endangered animals. This agreement is a turning point that gets us closer to zero entanglements and a healthy ocean.”Dungeness crabs in San Francisco. Image by Jon Sullivan via Wikimedia Commons (Public domain).The lines that run between surface buoys and crab pots on the seafloor can ensnare whales and other sea life, causing infections, preventing them from feeding and, in the most serious cases, leading to drowning.In addition to the closure of the crab fishery on April 15, 2019, the 2020 and 2021 seasons will end on April 1 in each of those years in places where lots of whales feed in the spring, like Monterey Bay. If observers spot high concentrations of whales elsewhere, the agreement allows them to close the season earlier.Boats using “rope-less” gear won’t be held to those closure dates, though Noah Oppenheim, executive director of Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations, told the San Francisco Chronicle that this new technology is “extraordinarily expensive.”Under the terms of the settlement — which still must be approved by the courts — the fish and wildlife department also must put regulations in place that require crab fishers to pull their lines and pots from the water instead of abandoning them to become floating hazards for marine life.A breaching humpback whale. Image courtesy of NOAA (Public domain).Oppenheim said the restrictions will make a difficult way of life even tougher.“The past several years have been extraordinarily challenging for fishing families, and the actions we’re taking here are no exception,” he said in the statement. “But in the end, we’re going to emerge together with a resilient, prosperous, and protective fishery that will continue to feed California and the nation.”“This settlement represents the path back to normality for California’s crab fishery with built-in protections for whales and crab fishing operations under the Endangered Species Act,” Oppenheim added.“As I’ve said many times, no one wants whale entanglements to happen,” Charlton H. Bonham, director of California Fish and Wildlife, said in the statement. “This agreement represents hours of intense negotiation to help ensure [entanglements] don’t happen and [to] support the resiliency of the crab fishery in the long-run.”Banner image of a humpback whale mother and calf courtesy of NOAA (Public domain).FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.d Article published by John Cannoncenter_img Activism, Animal Behavior, Animals, Biodiversity, Biodiversity Crisis, Conservation, Ecosystems, Endangered Species, Environment, Environmental Activism, Environmental Law, Environmental Politics, Extinction, Fish, Fisheries, Fishing, Green, Law, Law Enforcement, Mammals, Marine Animals, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, Marine Ecosystems, Marine Protected Areas, Oceans, Saving Species From Extinction, Technology, Water, Whales, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation last_img read more

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LeBron James to sit out last 6 games of Lakers’ season

first_imgLos Angeles Lakers forward LeBron James laughs as he waits to check in to the team’s NBA basketball game against the Charlotte Hornets during the second half Friday, March 29, 2019, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 129-115. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)LOS ANGELES — LeBron James’ first season with the Los Angeles Lakers is over.James will sit out the final six games of the Lakers’ sixth consecutive losing season, the team announced Saturday. In a statement, President of Basketball Operations Magic Johnson and General Manager Rob Pelinka claimed the decision will provide James with a head start on offseason healing for a three-month-old groin strain, the first significant injury of his career.ADVERTISEMENT P260,000 each in aid to displaced Marawi folk released by US Tim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’ Sarah Geronimo’s ‘Tala’ enters Billboard’s world digital song sales chart Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Los Angeles is 34-42 after beating Charlotte 129-115 on Friday night, with James scoring 27 points in what turned out to be his final appearance.The Lakers have won three of four since being eliminated from playoff contention last week with a loss to Brooklyn, their 10th in 11 games and their 28th in 42 games since Christmas.Los Angeles entered Saturday’s games with the NBA’s 10th-worst record. While a strong finish to the season could be a boost for the future, it could also damage the Lakers’ hopes of landing an elite talent in the draft.“We picked a hell of a time to have a great rhythm,” James said after the Lakers beat the Hornets. “We’re having fun. We’re playing the way we wanted to play all year, but obviously because of injuries, multiple lineup changes and things of that nature, that would affect it. But we’ve kind of known who’s going to be in the lineup over these last few games, and it’s allowed us to have our rotations down, and guys have been playing well.”Although James’ first season with Los Angeles was a failure, it showed promise before injuries changed everything.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Explosive win from Yoon Chang Min kicks off ONE: New Era Sarah Geronimo’s ‘Tala’ enters Billboard’s world digital song sales chart Phivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption Comelec assures no disruption in operations with retirement of execs Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? The Lakers were 20-14 and in fourth place in the Western Conference when James strained his groin during a stunning 26-point road victory over Golden State on Christmas. He sat out their next 17 games in the longest injury absence of his career.James returned to the lineup for good in early February, but the injury-plagued Lakers were unable to recover and make the playoffs.Along with James, the Lakers are finishing the season without three key players in their young core. Brandon Ingram has been out since March 2 due to a blood clotting issue, while Lonzo Ball hasn’t played since Jan. 19 because of an ankle injury, and Josh Hart was ruled out for the season this week with a knee injury.“I haven’t been a part of a season with this ton of injuries to all our key guys, to big, big key guys,” James said earlier this month. “It’s just the way the season has been. We’ve had guys step up … but for us, we prided ourselves on our depth to start the season, and obviously our depth has dwindled.”Earlier this season, the 34-year-old James expressed ambivalence about the possibility of shutting himself down early, saying such a decision would clash with his natural competitiveness. He also said he felt fresh after the least-busy season of his adult life.But Johnson and Pelinka apparently persuaded James of the wisdom of an early wrap to a lost year, followed by a fresh start in the fall.Overall, the Lakers went 28-27 with James in their lineup.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MOST READ “After consulting with our team doctors and medical staff, we have decided to hold LeBron out of games for the remainder of the season,” the statement said. “This decision will allow his groin to fully heal, and is best for the future success of both LeBron and the Lakers.”James is the NBA’s fifth-leading scorer at 27.4 points per game, and he averaged 8.5 rebounds and 8.3 assists in his first season on the West Coast. He will accompany the Lakers on their upcoming trip to New Orleans and Oklahoma City, but the 16-year NBA veteran won’t play again in his first non-playoff season since 2005, his second year in the league.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets‍‍‍ offers from Asia, Australian ball clubsJames appeared in the past eight NBA Finals with Miami and Cleveland, but he will finish this year playing in a career-low 55 games and a career-low 35.2 minutes per game for the Lakers. Despite James’ ballyhooed arrival along with Rajon Rondo and JaVale McGee to lead the Lakers’ talented young core, Los Angeles failed to overcome several major injuries and a midseason crisis of team confidence when the Lakers attempted to land superstar Anthony Davis in a multi-player trade.“It’s challenging, but I kind of knew what I was getting myself into,” James said earlier this month. ‘Duterte legacy:’ Gov’t boasts achievements so far View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. last_img read more

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Filoil Preseason Cup tips off May 5

first_imgPagadian on tighter security for 100,000 expected at Sto. Niño feast Duterte says he will appoint Gamboa as next PNP chief Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard MOST READ LeBron James stretches lead in NBA All-Star Game fan voting Phivolcs: Slim probability of Taal Volcano caldera eruption NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption PLAY LIST 02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award03:05Malakanyang bilib sa Phivolcs | Chona Yu Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. center_img Phoenix will find its time The league will also unveil its grassroots program by introducing an 11-Under division that will open the day’s triple header at 11 a.m., featuring De La Salle-Zobel against Xavier School.A total of 16 collegiate squads from the NCAA and the UAAP will participate.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets‍‍‍ offers from Asia, Australian ball clubs LATEST STORIES The Filoil Flying V Preseason Cup, the country’s premier league leading to the busy collegiate season, unfurls its 13th staging on Sunday with a banner field.Defending NCAA champion San Beda battles retooled University of the Philippines and De La Salle University takes on former coach Aldin Ayo in the featured games on opening day at Filoil Flying V Centre.ADVERTISEMENT The Witcher series prompts over 500,000 reprints of Andrzej Sapkowski’s books Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Eduard Folayang gets new opponent for ONE Manila card View commentslast_img read more

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West Brom loan star open to permanent deal at the Hawthorns

first_imgSandro would welcome the chance to seal a permanent deal with West Brom but is prepared to keep his options open.The on-loan QPR midfielder is waiting to hear from the club over whether they will keep him.Albion have an option to make the deal permanent after they signed the Brazil international on loan from Rangers until the end of the season in January.His agent Luiz Paulo Chignall told Press Association Sport: “I don’t know Sandro’s future in this moment because we need to wait for West Brom and, maybe, the next window as well. Sandro has just one season more and then he is a free player.“He likes the atmosphere of West Bromwich, the directors, staff, players and supporters.“We have three matches yet. I think that after the end of the season the club will contact us.”Sandro has made 11 appearances, six starts, for Tony Pulis’ side to help them seal survival in the Barclays Premier League. He was a late substitute in Monday’s 1-1 draw at Tottenham which derailed his former club’s title bid.The 27-year-old has started three of the Baggies’ last five matches but Press Association Sport understands they remain undecided over his future.Sandro moved to Spurs from Internacional in 2010 and joined QPR in 2014 but is not expected to return to Loftus Road with the club in the Sky Bet Championship.The Baggies host West Ham on Saturday and are 13th in the table on 41 points but have not won in their last six games. 1 Sandro in action for West Brom last_img read more

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Police Need Help in Copper Thefts

first_imgThe thieves have been driving onto farm grounds, possibly on all-terrain vehicles, during the evening hours and cutting the copper wire, rolling it up and carrying it away.If  you have any information, please call 812-358-2141. The Jackson County Sheriff’s Department is asking for the public’s help in reporting any unusual activity in farm fields in the wake of several thefts of copper wiring from irrigation systems in the north central part of the county.Those thefts cost local farmers thousands of dollars in damage, Jackson County Sheriff’s Detective Robert Lucas said Monday.last_img

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Data Center Design Is the Key to Industry-Leading PUEs

first_imgWhen you think about the connection between Intel and the growing data center market, the first thing that may occur to you is that Intel is a major supplier of data center infrastructure – server processors, network components, and so on. But as Intel IT’s Chief Technology Officer and senior principal engineer, I can also tell you that Intel’s IT department designs, builds, and operates world-class data centers that provide the computing power necessary for Intel’s global chip design efforts.You might ask why Intel chooses to invest in new corporate data centers in certain situations, rather than simply buying more cloud-based computing power. The answer lies in efficiency and optimization. Intel’s corporate data centers support four major areas of activity: design computing, office and general-purpose computing, manufacturing computing, and enterprise applications that support eBiz. Here, I’m going to focus on design computing.Chip Design Drives Data Center NeedIn the last decade and more, Intel chip design computing has grown 4,600% (46x) to meet ever-growing Intel silicon design complexities. This growth in complexity has resulted from the following trends:Ever-decreasing chip size – from 90nm in 2004 to current 10nm designsThe integration of an ever-increasing number of CPU instructions, features, and capabilities that require more and more devices and transistorsCeaseless pressure for faster time to market, requiring constantly accelerating design cyclesIntel Designs Two Extremely Energy-Efficient, High-Density Data CentersOpens in a new windowIn response to this growth in chip design complexity, and as part of our effort to strategically transform data centers to achieve significant business results, Intel IT used design best practices to convert two vacant silicon-wafer-fabrication building modules into extremely energy-efficient, high-density, 5+ MW data centers. You can read about the details of these two data center designs in our recent white paper, “Intel IT: Extremely Energy-Efficient, High-Density Data CentersOpens in a new window.”In a nutshell, each of these data centers has its own unique design and cooling technologies that are built at extremely low $/kW. They are both designed to be environmentally sustainable through creative use of unused building space and prevailing site environmental conditions.The first of these two data centers (we’ll call it data center module A) uses outside free-air cooling to support a 5-MW IT load power within 5,000 square feet. Over two years of operation, it has delivered 1.06 PUE (which is 13.33 times more energy efficient than the industry average of 1.8 PUE – using just 6% versus the typical 80% overhead on top of IT useful load). The latest data center module (we’ll call it module B) uses close-coupled evaporative cooling to support the first phase of 5.5-MW IT load power in production with this cooling technique. This module is designed to operate at a 1.07 annual PUE and will have a total power capacity of all of Intel’s existing high-density and legacy data centers combined once we complete the remaining phases of construction.Data Center Design ResultsThese innovative data center designs are achieving the following results:The rack power density (up to 43 kW per rack) is nearly 1.5 times greater than what we have delivered in the past for high-density computing.The 1,100 W/square-foot cooling density and 1,300 W/square-foot electrical density are 10 times the industry average.Module A used only free-air cooling except for less than 39 hours in 2014 and runs our servers at an air intake temperature of up to 91⁰F. We are saving $1.9 million per year in utility bills and an estimated 44 million gallons of water annually thanks to this design.Module B uses only evaporative cooling-tower water to condition the data center space at up to 91°F supply air and densities greater than 1,000 W/square footWe are able to achieve the high compute densities demonstrated in these data center design by using more than 60,000 Intel® Xeon® processor-based serversOpens in a new window, which offer 51% higher performance per core than previous models. The higher cooling and electrical densities will enable us to continue to support the large growth in compute demand associated with electronic design automation tools, while delivering high performance for application needs.Opens in a new window2016-2017 Intel IT Annual Performance ReportI encourage you to read about the design of these two data centers.Opens in a new window Our recently published 2016-2017 Intel IT Annual Performance Report Powering Digital Business TransformationOpens in a new window contains more information about new, breakthrough data center technologies that we are using to improve performance and cost efficiency.last_img read more

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Bubble Fusion Furor

first_imgA whirlwind of controversy is swirling around one of the papers in this week’s issue of Science. A team of scientists claims to have seen evidence for nuclear fusion in a beaker of organic solvent–a stunning claim that, if true, may eventually have important consequences for nuclear proliferation and energy production. But other scientists, citing an experiment that seems to belie the claim, are likening the paper to cold fusion.Unlike nuclear fission, fusion is a very difficult process to get started. Only at extremely high pressures and temperatures will nuclei slam together forcefully enough to overcome their repulsion and merge. So difficult is it to achieve those pressures that hydrogen bombs use a small fission bomb to get the process going. Achieving a reasonable-sized fusion reaction on the tabletop has been out of reach. Researchers have tried–and failed stupendously, most notably in 1989, when premature claims of “cold fusion” in palladium wire humiliated the scientific community.It is against this backdrop that nuclear engineer Rusi Taleyarkhan of Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, nuclear engineer Richard Lahey of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, and colleagues came forward with their claim of tabletop fusion. Their work relies on a phenomenon known as acoustic cavitation, in which sound waves rattling through a fluid create tiny bubbles and then cause them to expand and collapse. Starting with a small cylinder of acetone where all the hydrogens had been replaced with deuterium (a heavy breed of hydrogen that has an extra neutron), Taleyarkhan’s team bombarded the cylinder with sound waves. At the same time, the researchers zapped the deuterated acetone with high-speed neutrons. The neutrons struck the acetone molecules, giving them an extra punch of energy and creating millimeter-sized bubbles–much larger than the bubbles created by the sound waves alone. The catastrophic collapse of these bubbles heats the deuterated acetone to the point at which deuterium atoms collide and fuse, the authors argue. The team claims to have detected neutrons flying out of the chamber and extra tritium in the vat–both signatures of fusion.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)But the neutrons disappear when you use a more sophisticated neutron detector, claim Dan Shapira and Michael Saltmarsh, two physicists who are also at Oak Ridge who conducted a follow-up experiment to check Taleyarkhan’s results. “There’s no evidence for any neutron excess due to fusion,” Saltmarsh says. Taleyarkhan and colleagues dispute Saltmarsh’s interpretation. Other scientists take aim at other aspects of the experiment. “The paper’s kind of a patchwork, technically, and each of the patches has a hole in it,” says Mike Moran, a physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California.More details about the contentious experiment and the controversy behind it will be available in this week’s issue of Science.last_img read more

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Your gut bacteria could determine how you respond to cutting-edge cancer drugs

first_img M. Derrien et al., International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 10.1099/ijs.0.02873-0, 2004 A gut microbe called Akkermansia muciniphila may help patients respond to certain cancer immunotherapy drugs. Your gut bacteria could determine how you respond to cutting-edge cancer drugs By Jocelyn KaiserNov. 2, 2017 , 2:00 PM When scientists reported 2 years ago that mice with certain gut bacteria responded best to a powerful new type of cancer drug, other researchers were intrigued but cautious—mice, after all, aren’t humans. But this week, two teams offer a raft of evidence from cancer patients suggesting that the gut microbiome—the community of bacteria, viruses, and other bugs living in our digestive tracts—helps determine whether tumors shrink when treated with immunotherapy drugs.The studies, which appear online in Science, track responses to a type of immunotherapy known as a PD-1 inhibitor. “These are the best-done and largest assessments of how the microbiome may influence therapeutic outcome” from those drugs, says immunotherapy researcher Jeffrey Weber of New York University in New York City, who was not involved in the studies.PD-1 inhibitors fight cancer by blocking a “checkpoint” molecule on immune cells called T cells, which tumors use to shut down the immune cells. Checkpoint inhibitors have had remarkable results, holding certain cancers at bay for years. But only about 25% of all patients respond to PD-1 blockers.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)In a 2015 Science paper, a team led by immunologist Laurence Zitvogel of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus in Villejuif, France, reported that changing the gut microbiome of a mouse could make its tumors respond better to a checkpoint blocker. Another group reported that different gut microbes seemed to explain why mice from two separate suppliers responded differently to PD-1 blockers.In one of the new papers, Zitvogel’s group examined data for 249 lung, kidney, and bladder cancer patients, 69 of whom took antibiotics for routine reasons such as dental work or a urinary tract infection before or soon after starting a PD-1 drug. The results were striking: Patients on antibiotics, which disrupt the gut microbiome, relapsed sooner and didn’t live as long. Zitvogel’s team then looked for differences in the gut bacteria of patients who did or did not respond well. In the responders, they fingered Akkermansia muciniphila, a species associated with the gut’s mucus lining that may protect against obesity and diabetes. When germ-free mice with no gut bacteria received fecal transplants from responders, they did better on PD-1 blockers than did mice given nonresponder feces. And poorly responding mice could be turned into responders by feeding them A. muciniphila.The gut microbiome also matters in melanoma patients receiving PD-1 blockers, a team led by Jennifer Wargo of MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas, reports in the other paper: Responders had a more diverse microbiome and more of specific bacteria. Her group also found that giving mice fecal transplants from patients who did or did not respond to the drugs led to similar outcomes in the animals.The beneficial bugs in Wargo’s study were different from those in France—mainly Faecalibacterium and Clostridiales. One reason could be that our microbiomes vary depending on geography and diet, says molecular biologist Scott Bultman of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. “There is a certain amount of overlap” between the species identified by the two teams, he adds.The good bacteria seem to help the drugs by priming T cells, which Wargo’s group reported were more abundant in the gut and tumors of the mice who got fecal transplants from responder patients. Zitvogel’s team found that a specific immune signaling molecule, or cytokine, called IL12 that is released in response to A. muciniphila may help rally the T cells. They “are educated by the good bugs that you have added,” she says.The new studies have “tremendous implications,” Wargo says. For one, Zitvogel figures that simply avoiding antibiotics while taking PD-1 blockers could boost patient responses from the current 25% to 40%. And Wargo is planning to test whether manipulating the gut microbiome with fecal transplants (in pill form) or a bacterial treatment could help more melanoma patients respond to PD-1 blockers. The trial, sponsored by the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy in San Francisco, California, could begin in 6 to 8 months.Fecal transplants are already being used to treat stubborn colon infections of Clostridium difficile bacteria, notes immunotherapy researcher Alexandra Snyder of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City. She agrees that although planning rigorous clinical trials will be “complicated,” it’s time to move ahead. “I am hopeful that we will be able to one day apply these findings to our patients’ advantage,” she says.last_img read more

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Archaeological society tries to stem continuing controversy over #MeToo scandal

first_imgDARIA KIRPACH/@SALZMANART The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) continues to battle fallout for the way it handled a #MeToo scandal at its annual meeting last week. The organization faced a firestorm of criticism on social media for not immediately ejecting an alleged harasser from the meeting after being informed about his presence and a university investigation that found accusations against him credible. Today, as archaeologists continued to vent at their own society, it published an open letter and video from President Joe Watkins personally apologizing for not taking action and laying out actions SAA will take, including updating its sexual harassment policy and providing training to staff on its “effective and compassionate implementation.”“Finally, the start of a sincere response from the SAA,” tweeted Stephanie Halmhofer, a cultural resources management archaeologist with In Situ Archaeological Consulting in Roberts Creek, Canada. But it remains to be seen whether the latest apology will be enough to staunch the flow of archaeologists pledging to leave SAA. Meanwhile, other societies have announced plans to revamp their harassment policies to handle similar situations.Two days ago, SAA apologized for “the impact, stress, and fear the situation caused to victims of sexual harassment within our field,” as well as for its own delay in issuing an apology. But on 17 April, it published a controversial timeline of events that sparked another social media row.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) By Lizzie WadeApr. 18, 2019 , 4:45 PM Archaeological society tries to stem continuing controversy over #MeToo scandal The trouble began when David Yesner, an archaeologist who retired from the University of Alaska in Anchorage (UAA) in 2017 showed up in Albuquerque, New Mexico, for SAA’s annual meeting, which ran from 10–14 April. Yesner had been banned from UAA’s campus and events 2 days before the meeting began, after a Title IX investigation found nine women’s accusations of sexual harassment and assault to be credible. Three claimants in the investigation were also at the SAA meeting and reported Yesner’s presence to the organization. But during the meeting, SAA did not reveal to them or others whether it had ejected Yesner.Yesner did not respond to Science’s requests for comment and has not publicly commented on the accusations.On 16 April, SAA said it would be adding an on-site counselor to future meetings and instituting board and staff training on sexual harassment, as well as a “member-led, independent committee to address member concerns,” all steps that Watkins highlighted again in today’s open letter and video. But Tuesday’s statement wasn’t enough to calm the growing outrage. “An apology without more concrete steps and/or changes is not enough,” tweeted Sara Gonzalez, an archaeologist at the University of Washington in Seattle. “Your apology should be directed at the brave women who reported … abuse and assaults.”Then, on 17 April, SAA clarified that it had in fact ejected Yesner from the meeting on the afternoon of Friday, 12 April, hours after two official complaints were filed. (One was filed by Norma Johnson, a graduate student in archaeology at UAA and a claimant in the Title IX investigation.) “At no time before Friday, April 12, 2019 did SAA receive any information regarding Mr. Yesner which would have precluded his attendance at the meeting,” SAA said in its statement.But many archaeologists say that ignores actions taken by freelance journalist (and former Science correspondent) Michael Balter, who says he notified SAA staff about Yesner’s presence and the results of the Title IX investigation on Thursday morning. Balter escorted Yesner out of the meeting that afternoon, but Yesner apparently returned. Balter reported being banned from the SAA meeting on Friday morning.Multiple lawyers and consultants specializing in sexual harassment have confirmed to Science that SAA could have removed Yesner from the meeting before official reports were filed, as the meeting was a private event.Today, Watkins attempted to repair the damage with his open letter. “I want to apologize for the events that happened last week in Albuquerque under my watch,” he wrote. “I failed to take the kind of action we should have taken to address the distress of the attendees at our meeting. I allowed myself to be convinced that our harassment policy was more important than the feelings of our members.”Early reaction was positive. “The president’s statement echoes many of the frustrations that we have felt in the past week. I was impressed” with how he took responsibility for placing policy over members’ experiences, says Kristina Killgrove, a bioarchaeologist at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, who resigned as chair of SAA’s media relations committee because of the scandal. But she would like more clarity on how the SAA board will work with organization’s staff to make sure these changes are made, as well as precisely how SAA plans to improve its communications with membership and the public. “SAA membership both at and away from this year’s conference were shocked that their voices on Twitter and Facebook were insufficient to catch the board’s attention in real time. I hope that the SAA’s plan to revamp its communication processes includes more than lip service to the power of social media,” she says.Meanwhile, other societies are taking a lesson from the firestorm. On 16 April, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) in Arlington, Virginia, offered a clear solution to situations like this, in an updated policy on sexual harassment and assault. “Individuals who are currently sanctioned for assault or harassment by an adjudicating institution (e.g., a university) will be barred from taking part in AAA events,” the policy reads. “Appeals may be requested in the case of advance registration; on-site registration for such individuals will not be permitted.”AAA Executive Director Edward Liebow told Science the organization had already been working on enacting “an enhanced policy” for its upcoming annual meeting but that the SAA incident “certainly hastened along our procedural discussion.”The American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) in Herndon, Virginia, is also considering updating its policies in response. “As events at the SAA [meeting] unfolded, we began taking notes,” says AAPA President Anne Grauer. “We will be discussing these issues in detail at a Board of Directors meeting shortly.”Others have urged the American Association of Geographers (AAG) in Washington, D.C., to revoke the membership of faculty who are found to violate Title IX guidelines or who resign because of harassment accusations, as well as ban them from future AAG events.In Yesner’s case, the Alaska Anthropological Association in Anchorage appears to have been the first to act, banning him from its meetings and events on 12 April—4 days after UAA barred him from campus and while the SAA meeting was still going on.last_img read more